Early Springfield Manuscripts

Lyman & Merrie Wood Museum of Springfield History

Manuscript Group Number 5

The Early Springfield Manuscripts Collection

Compiled by:

Cheryl A. Nelson


Linear feet of shelf space occupied    12.0
Archival boxes occupied                20

Table of Contents

Series 1: Personal Files
Series 2: Subject and Town Record Files
Series 3: Oversized Material
Series 4: Seventeenth Century Material
Series 5: Account Books & Papers
Series 6: Bound Volumes
Series 7: Miscellaneous Pynchon Family Material
Container List


The personal files of the Early Springfield Manuscripts Collection consist of those materials separated from Series 2: Subject and Town Record Files. The criterion for this separation was if the records of an individual or family consisted of ten or more documents. The folders are arranged alphabetically by name and then chronologically within each folder. The material in this series, consisting of three linear feet, is dated from 1706 to 1856 with some material undated.

The bulk of the material collected here consists of personal records such as correspondence, indentures, deeds, contracts, and bills and receipts, with a small amount of miscellaneous material.

Biographical Notes and Description of Manuscripts

Harriet Jenks Abbe, daughter of John Swetland Abbe and Electra (Chapin) Warner, was born on August 10, 1820 in South Hadley. On November 3, 1842 she married Enoch Cooley Chapin, who was the son of Deacon Enoch and Lydia Chapin. According to her papers, she worked for a time as a school teacher. Her date of death is unknown.

Her papers include several letters and two records of certification qualifying her to teach. Also included in this folder are the documents of her sister, Julia A. Abbe. This material is dated from 28 Apr 1838 to 13 May 1856 with two items undated.

Julia Ann Abbe, daughter of John Swetland Abbe and Electra (Chapin) Warner, was born on July 2, 1814 in Springfield. Before her marriage to Charles H. Curtis of New York on January 3, 1854, she was a teacher. She died on January 6, 1905.

Her papers consist of a letter dated 13 May 1851, and a receipt for purchased furniture dated 16 Jul 1856. This material is included in the folder of Harriet J. Abbe dated 28 Apr 1838 to 13 May 1856.

David A. Adams, son of Dr. David Adams, of Mansfield, Connecticut, was born February 6, 1807. When fifteen years old, in 1822, he went to Thompsonville, Connecticut, and was clerk for several years in the store of his brother-in-law, James Brewer, who was a partner of James S. Dwight, of Springfield. Afterwards Mr. Adams went to New York, where he worked in a dry goods store for about one year. Upon moving to Springfield, he served two years as a clerk for his brother-in-law, James Brewer, who was a hardware merchant, with a store on the southeast corner of Main and State Streets. He then spent several years learning the trade of silversmith from his brother, Henry Adams, who had a shop on Market Street.

David Adams was highway surveyor of Springfield between 1836 and 1852, overseer of the poor for many years, an assessor for eleven years, city marshall in 1852-53, deputy sheriff in 1855-1860 and 1869. At the first “horse show,” which was held in 1856, on Federal Square, Mr. Adams was sworn in as a United States deputy sheriff. He was a United States assistant assessor during the Civil War. He was greatly interested in real estate, owning land on which, with other parties, he opened West Union and William Streets, and laid out Morris, Winthrop, and Elmwood Streets.

On December 3, 1834, he married Harriet Swift, daughter of Dr. Earle Swift, of Mansfield, Connecticut. His papers, which consist of deeds, date from 22 Dec 1841 to 5 Nov 1847.

Daniel Ashley, son of David and Vashti Ashley, was born in Springfield on September 22, 1764. On September 17, 1784 he married Sarah Hunt of Springfield, and they had three sons and three daughters. A farmer, Ashley was also a member of Colonel Bideon Burt’s Hampshire County Regiment. His regiment marched to retake Samuel Ely, who was rescued from Springfield jail on June 12, 1782. As well, they opposed the rioters at Northampton on June 16, 1782. He died on August 8, 1812.

His papers, which include those of his wife, Sarah, consist of deeds, land surveys, a will, and documents concerning the settlement of his estate. This material is dated from 28 May 1799 to 4 Feb 1825 with one item undated.

Sarah (Hunt) Ashley was born c. 1759. She married Daniel Ashley of Springfield on September 17, 1784. They had three sons and three daughters. She died on June 11, 1818 in Springfield.

Her papers include a will and an inventory of her estate, and are included with those of her husband, Daniel Ashley. The material is dated from 28 May 1799 to 4 Feb 1825 with one item undated.

George Ashmun, a Congressman and attorney from Springfield, he played a significant role in national politics in the era preceding the Civil War.

Ashmun was born in Blandford in 1804, the son of Eli Porter Ashmun, an attorney, State Representative, and a U. S. Senator. George was graduated from Yale University in 1823, studied law, and began a practice in Northampton with his brother, John Hooker Ashmun. In 1828, he moved to Springfield where he opened a law practice on Elm Street.

He was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1833, 1835, 1836 and 1841, and was Speaker of the House the last named year. He served twice in the Massachusetts Senate, namely 1838 and 1839, and served in the U. S. House of Representatives from 1846 to 1851. While in Congress he became a close friend of Daniel Webster and was strongly opposed to slavery. In 1846, Ashmun strongly opposed the War with Mexico, and was one of 14 Congressmen who voted against the Army supply bill of May, 1846. His personal defense of Daniel Webster, although disapproving of his policies, brought about his retirement from national politics.

At this point he resumed his law practice, and he developed a large and important practice. His legal work frequently took him to Washington and there he kept close contact with old friends. In 1860, he was made Chairman of the Republican Convention in Chicago. This convention nominated Abraham Lincoln for President. Ashmun remained in close contact with the President throughout the Civil War, and visited Lincoln the day he was assassinated.

George Ashmun died in 1870. His papers, consisting of five letters, are dated from 12 Sep 1835 to 29 Nov 1850. See also Record Group 4, The Ames Collection, for additional letters of George Ashmun.

Thomas Bates was born in 1743. He married Phebe Edson on March 10, 1786. He is known primarily as the founder of the Bates, later the Warriner, Tavern of Springfield. He died March 29, 1823 at the age of 80. His papers consist of deeds dated from 6 July 1774 to 21 Apr 1815 with one undated document. (See also Series 3: Oversized Material.)

Gurdon Bill, Sr., son of Joshua and Abigail Bill, was born in Groton (Ledyard), Connecticut on January 18, 1784. He married Lucy Yerrington of Preston, Connecticut in 1821. He studied to be a teacher at the Plainfield Academy and taught the first grammar school in Groton. He also served in the War of 1812, where he was stationed on picket duty at Stonington, while the British Fleet were cruising off that port. After the war he was in the wholesale fish trade in New York City and then he returned to Groton where he embarked in mercantile business with Mr. Philip Grey. Eventually he bought out his partner, but after a few years he changed his business to the pursuit of agriculture. He represented Groton in the State Legislature in 1828.

He was the father of the famous book publisher Gurdon Bill of Springfield. Gurdon Bill, Sr. died in 1856. His papers consist of bills, receipts and invoices dealing with his mercantile establishment and date from 4 May 1816 to 8 Sep 1826 along with one undated document.

Gurdon Bill, Jr. was born in Groton, Connecticut in 1827. After extensive travel throughout the country, Gurdon went into partnership in the subscription publishing business with his brother, Henry, in 1854. The next year he came to Springfield and carried on the same business for 16 years. In addition to his work in the publishing business, Gurdon Bill served as President of the Second National Bank and of the Springfield and New London Railroad.

Gurdon Bill was also involved in politics. In 1858 he represented Ward 3 on the City Council, and in 1870 was selected as the representative of Ward 4. He also served as a member of the State House of Representatives in 1871. He died in April, 1916.

Gurdon Bill, Jr. is represented in this collection by one document, a deed dated 1849 from Preston, Connecticut. This document is included with the documents of Gurdon Bill, Sr.

Thomas Bond, son of Jonathan Bond of Westborough, Massachusetts, was born on September 17, 1777 in North Brookfield, Massachusetts. He was married to Jemima H. Bush. He began business in North Brookfield as a merchant and moved his business once to West Brookfield before coming to Springfield to engage in farming in 1826.

He was a representative from Springfield in the State Legislature in 1833, and a director in the Springfield Mutual Fire Assurance Co. He died January 6, 1852. Thomas Bond’s papers date from 16 Nov 1836 to 10 Oct 1851 and consist primarily of receipts and some bills, with one undated item.

Samuel Bowles, journalist and founder of the Springfield Republican, was born in Hartford, Connecticut on June 8, 1797. At the age of 15 he began as a clerk in his father’s store. Upon the death of his father in 1813, he served as an apprentice to a printer in Hartford. After his apprenticeship he worked as a foreman and journeyman for six years in several offices in Hartford and New Haven.

Bowles came to Springfield in 1824 and soon after issued the first number of the “Republican” weekly on September 8, 1824. His circulation for this first issue was only 350 copies.

He married Huldah Deming of Hartford, Connecticut. They had four children. Samuel Bowles died September 8, 1851 at the age of 54. His papers include correspondence and a petition. The papers are dated from 5 Dec 1840 to 9 May 1848, with two documents undated.

Harlehigh Heath Buckland, son of Erastus and Sarah Heath Buckland, was born October 25, 1805 in Windsor, Connecticut. He graduated from Washington (Trinity) College in 1831 and attended Yale Law School, 1832-1833. He moved to Springfield in 1834, opened a law office at the corner of Main and Sanford Streets, and married Sophia Morley on November 5, 1834.

Ill health forced an end to his practice, and he died August 25, 1846 at age 40. His papers which date from 10 Oct 1832 to 23 Apr 1845 consist of several letters of recommendation, several deeds, some personal correspondence, and two undated items.

Captain Calvin Burt, son of Captain David Burt and his wife Mary, was born in 1762 in Longmeadow. He was married November 23, 1784 to Experience Sexton of Wilbraham. Calvin Burt died February 14, 1848. His papers, which date from 19 Nov 1793 to 29 Apr 1818, consist of two militia orders and several bills and receipts.

Major Daniel Burt, son of John Burt, was born on July 5, 1703. He married Margaret Colton on February 2, 1727 and they had four children. Major Burt was one of the first settlers of Brimfield, and was a great-grandson of Henry Burt, who came to Springfield in 1640, just four years after its settlement. He was active in the military affairs of his time and was commissioned, first by William Shirley, Captain-General and Governor-in-Chief of the Massachusetts Bay; serving as a Lieutenant in Captain Solomon Keyes’ company during the Canada expedition. (1746). Later (1758) he served as Captain in another expedition to Canada and, finally, in 1760 he was commissioned as a Major in Colonel John Whitcomb’s regiment.

He died on September 28, 1775. Major Burt’s papers include deeds, several records of land surveys, and indentures. These documents are included with the records of his son, Daniel Burt, Jr. and his grandson, Daniel Burt, III. The folder is dated from 27 Sep 1726 to 26 Mar 1819. See also the biographies of Daniel Burt, Jr. and Daniel Burt, III.

Daniel Burt, Jr., son of Major Daniel Burt, was born on September 16, 1729. He married Experience Colton on October 12, 1752. She died September 28, 1775, and he then married Mary (Webber) Frizzell. Daniel had three children by his first wife and four by his second. He died on September 22, 1812.

His papers consist mainly of deeds and are included with the records of his father, Major Daniel Burt and his son, Daniel Burt, III. The folder is dated from 27 Sep 1726 to 26 Mar 1819. See also the biographies of Major Daniel Burt and Daniel Burt, III.

Daniel Burt III, the son of Daniel Burt, Jr., was born on December 22, 1782. He married Eliza Sherman who died on May 16, 1812. He then married Orril Norcross on October 16, 1816. He had four children by his first wife. He died on December 25, 1823.

His papers are deeds and are included with the records of this grandfather, Major Daniel Burt and his father, Daniel Burt, Jr. The folder is dated from 27 Sep 1726 to 26 Mar 1819. See also the biographies of Major Daniel Burt and Daniel Burt, Jr.

William Burt of Longmeadow, the son of Gideon and Celia Sabin Burt, was born on September 1, 1789. He received his first military commission as Sargent on April 20, 1810, and was commissioned as ensign on June 20, 1814. Two years later, on March 12, 1816, William married Sarah Field Kibbey and they had three sons and three daughters. In the meantime his military career continued to advance. On February 23, 1818 he received his commission as captain, and on August 15, 1822 he was promoted to major. He retired from military on April 23, 1824.

William. Burt died November 22, 1863. His papers consist solely of military orders. They are dated from 10 Feb 1818 to 12 Aug 1819.

Elijah Colton, son of Jabez and Mary Colton, was born November 21, 1785 in Longmeadow. He married Olive Tayler on May 19, 1811. He died January 17, 1844.

Elijah was a Captain of the Militia and his papers, which date from 3 Aug 1815 to 29 Sep 1817, all deal with the Militia at Longmeadow where he was a commander. There is a company role and company orders, as well as company receipts.

Captain Luther Colton, the son of Major Luther Colton and Thankful Woolworth, was born on October 20, 1787. He married Lucy Cooley on December 17, 1809. They had five children. Luther served in the Massachusetts Militia and was a member of the Longmeadow school committee. He died June 17, 1857.

The papers of Luther Colton consist primarily of material pertaining to militia affairs including company orders, letters concerning militia business, and a muster roll of the men in Luther Colton’s company, dated 3 May 1815. Also included in his papers a deed dated 25 Jan 1802, a letter sent to school committee members informing them that “Lucy Williams hath kept school in the middle district twenty four weeks and two days this summer past of ten shillings per week,” and a mall undated account book. The documents are dated from 1793 to 1833, with two undated items.

Samuel Colton, Sr., son of Ephriam and Mary Drake, was born in Longmeadow in 1679 and was a farmer. He eventually moved to New Hampshire (c. 1737), and died there. He was the father of Samuel Colton, Jr., a prosperous merchant in colonial Longmeadow. He is represented primarily by land deeds dating from 12 Nov 1706 to 15 May 1749 with one undated item.

Samuel Colton, Jr., son of Samuel Colton and Margaret Bliss, was born in Longmeadow in 1727. For many years he kept a wholesale and retail store in his native town that was one of the most successful establishments in Western Massachusetts. He also established his own shipyard on the banks of the Connecticut River and built his two ships, the Speedwell and Friendship which traded hoops, staves, tobacco, grains, etc. for rum, sugar and salt in the West Indies. By the time of the Revolution, Samuel Colton had made a fortune in a combination of shipbuilding trade and merchandising both here and in Bristol, England where his ships stopped before returning to the West Indies. He also traded in slaves and was a slave owner himself. During the Revolution when he raised the price of rum and salt, he was suspected to be a Tory sympathizer which he stoutly denied. The unfavorable attitude of the townsmen brought on depression and ill health and he died in 1784.

His papers date from 8 Nov 1745 to 17 Jul 1811 and are primarily invoices, business letters, bills, land deeds, receipts and accounts pertaining to his :business at Longmeadow, with some undated materials.

Thomas Colton, son of Thomas and Deborah Colton, was born September 16, 1757. He was married in 1788 to Hannah Bliss. Thomas Colton was a farmer. He was found dead in Wethersfield, Connecticut in 1824. His papers date from 19 Jul 1780 to 1823 and are mainly receipts, promissory notes and bills. Also included are some undated materials.

Lewis Dickinson, the son of Zabina Dickinson, was born in 1811 and died July 6, 1874. His papers include a large number of bills and receipts, a deed, a Letter, and financial records. They are dated from 2 Jan 1832 to 29 Jan 1873, some undated material.

Zabina Dickinson was born January 11, 1766. He married Martha (last name  unknown) (date unknown). His papers include several Hatfield tax lists, deeds, bills and receipts, and an inventory of Zabina’s property. They date from 30 Sep 1797 to 26 Jan 1837, with three undated items. (See also Series 3: Oversized Material.)

Dwight Family records consist of miscellaneous documents of family members not represented extensively enough individually to be filed in a separate folder. The folder includes two documents of James S. Dwight dated 1821 to 1828, and materials of Henry Dwight, Edmund Dwight, and William Dwight. The material in this folder is dated from 12 Jul 1798 to 26 May 1845, with one item undated. (See also Series 3: Oversized Material.)

Hannah (Worthington) Dwight was born on January 17, 1761, the daughter of Colonel John Worthington and of Hannah Hopkins. She married the eminent politician, Colonel Thomas Dwight, who served in the State Legislature and the U.S. Congress, on April 14, 1781. See also the biography of Thomas Dwight. She had three children. They were Mary Stoddard Dwight born in 1792, John Worthington Dwight born in 1793 and Elizabeth Buckminster Dwight born in 1801. Hannah died on July 10, 1833 at the age of 72.

The papers of Hannah Dwight include both original documents and photocopies of original documents.  Included are letters and one document concerning the estate of Hannah Dwight.  This material is included with her husband’s records (see Thomas Dwight).

Honorable Jonathan Dwight, II, son of Jonathan and Margaret (Ashley) Dwight, was born in Springfield on December 28, 1772. He entered Harvard College and graduated in 1793. He then read law with Honorable George Bliss. Mr. Dwight, though admitted to the bar, did not follow the profession of law but engaged in mercantile affairs in which he was a successful financial manager. In 1793 he was chosen tax collector. He was one of the original incorporators of the Old Springfield Bank, which was organized March 24, 1814, and was its president from 1814 through 1817. On March 22, 1829 he was again chosen president to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Judge John Hooker. Mr. Dwight was elected a member of the House of Representatives in 1805-1806, 1808-1809, 1816 and 1826; a member of the Senate in 1818-1821 and 1827; a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1820, and a member of the Governor’s Council in 1831.

He was married January 8, 1798 to Sarah Shepard, daughter of Levi Shepard of Northampton. She was born June 23, 1774 and died December 24, 1848. They had four sons and four daughters. Mr. Dwight died March 29, 1840. The papers of Jonathan Dwight are primarily deeds. Also included is Jonathan’s will. They are dated from 29 Dec 1797 to 29 Nov 1836, with one undated item.

Colonel Josiah Dwight, the son of Captain Henry Dwight of Hatfield and Lydia Hawley, was born on October 23, 1715. In 1736 he graduated from Yale. In 1750 he married Sarah Pynchon, the daughter of Colonel William Pynchon and Catherine Brewer. She died without issue on August 4, 1755. Josiah then married Elizabeth Buckminster, the daughter of Colonel Buckminster of Brookfield, on October 17, 1757. They had five children including Colonel Thomas Dwight (see the biography and folder of Thomas Dwight and Hannah Dwight). Josiah served as a Lieutenant Colonel in the militia, a judge of the Court of Common Pleas in the County of Hampshire (1750-1768), and a Justice of the Peace. He was a merchant, and was also a manufacturer of potash and owned an iron foundry. He owned some 5,000 acres of land, and his property at the time of his death was valued at 9458 pounds.

He died on September 28, 1768 at the age of 53. The papers of Josiah Dwight consist of copies of his will and several of his financial records. The material is dated from 25 Jan 1768 to 19 Jul 1768.

Louisa Willis Dwight, originally from Boston, was born on May 11, 1807 and was the daughter of Nathaniel Willis and Hannah Parker. She married Louis Dwight on May 30, 1824. Her husband, an ordained minister, was known chiefly for founding the Prison Discipline Society in 1825. During his work for prison reform he visited a large number of prisons in states as far south as South Carolina. In 1846 he and Louisa went to England and the continent to inspect the state and management of prisons there. It was on this trip that Louisa wrote the letters contained in this collection, dated 5 Jun 1846 to 6 Oct 1846, to her children who had remained at home in the United States. She died in Boston on April 6, 1849 at age 42.

Thomas Dwight was born on October 29, 1758, the son of Colonel Josiah Dwight and Elizabeth Buckminster. As a young man Thomas attended Harvard and graduated in 1778 at the age 20. Three years later on April 14, 1781 he married Hannah Worthington. They had three children. He was a lawyer in Springfield, and served as a Representative to the State Legislature (1794-1795), a State Senator (1796-1803 and in 1813), a member of the Executive Council of the State (1808­1809), and a member of Congress (1803-1805). He died on January 2, 1819 at the age 60. See also the biography of Hannah Dwight.

The papers of Thomas Dwight consist of a deed, two receipts of taxes paid to he town of Springfield, and a letter. This material is included in the same folder as his wife’s papers, and is dated from 10 Dec 1795 to 14 Oct 1845.

Justin Ely, son of “Ensign” John Ely, was born August 10, 1739 in West Springfield. He graduated from Harvard College in 1759. In his adult life he as a successful merchant in his native town, doing perhaps a larger business at _bat time than any merchant in Springfield. He represented his town in the General Court of Massachusetts in 1777, from 1780 to 1785 inclusive, and from 1790 to 1797. During the Revolution he was involved in recruitment work for the use. He also owned real estate in Vermont, the District of Maine, and New York. De was one of the original proprietors of the Connecticut Western Reserve, in Ohio, der the Connecticut Land Company. He died June 26, 1817.

His papers dated from 1 Sep 1760 to 13 Mar 1815 include one deed, some receipts, a personal letter from John Bliss dated 1815, a letter from John Caldwell dated 1787, and several records of arrests issued while he served as Justice of the Peace for West Springfield in the mid-1780s.

Jonathan Easton Ferre of West Springfield was born on September 17, 1781. He married Lydia Hanmer at Hartford on August 12, 1804 and they had three children. He died on February 13, 1865. His papers consist of a number of letters, receipts, and deeds. Also contained in this material are a West Springfield tax document, a document to Ferre as Surveyor of Highways, and specifications of his machine for threshing and cleaning corn.  The records are dated from 20 Aug 1802 to 31 Aug 1823, with two documents undated.

Alexander Field, son of Moses and Rebecca Field, was born February 5, 1784 in Longmeadow. He was married October 11, 1787 to Flavia Colton. Flavia died In 1815, and Alexander remarried Jerusha Burt in 1816. Alexander was a farmer, as well as a chair and cabinet maker. He died in 1831.

The bulk of his papers are land deeds dating from 20 Apr 1787 to 12 Nov 1829, pith two undated items. The exceptions are two indentures, one dated 1805 and :he other 1806, which concern taking on apprentices in his cabinet and chair-making business.

Cyrus Frink was born on August 14, 1802 in West Springfield, the son of Luther and Phebe Frink. Cyrus is known primarily as one of the founders of the  Parsons Paper Company. His son, Cyrus Frink, Jr., later became a director of that company.

Cyrus Frink married Louisa Ely of West Springfield on February 7, 1829. His date of death is unknown. The papers of Cyrus Frink consist of deeds, a loan contract, and Chapin and Cooley estate accounts dated from 2 Oct 1819 to 1 Dec 1864.

Luther Frink was born some time in the 1780s at an unidentified location. He was a resident of West Springfield where he married Phebe Morgan on April 9, 1794. His son, Cyrus Frink (see folder on Cyrus Frink), was one of the founders of the Parsons Paper Company. The papers of Luther Frink consist of deeds, receipts, and financial records and are dated from 3 Jun 1805 to 5 Mar 1840, with one undated item.

Daniel Graves, Jr. was born on March 20, 1730 and was the son of Daniel Graves, Sr. He married Joanna Field of Sunderland on January 30, 1753. He died some time between 1803 and 1805. His papers, dated 4 Feb 1750 to 28 Sep 1805, consist of deeds, receipts, and a note from the Selectmen of Palmer instructing him to repair certain town roads.

Gideon Graves, son of Daniel Graves, Jr., was born August 25, 1758 in Palmer. He was married October 3, 1786 to Maria Rogers of Palmer. She died only a year after the marriage, and Gideon remarried Hannah Drake of Belchertown. He was an Orderly Sergeant in Captain Nathan Goodales’ company during the Revolutionary War, and was wounded by a saber cut on the wrist and a bullet in the hip. He was present at the surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown. He died in 1834.

His papers date from 25 Sep 1785 to 19 Dec 1853, with some undated items. There are land deeds, receipts, bills, personal correspondence, as well as will and probate records on his estate. Of special interest are the several letters dating from 1829-1833 pertaining to a Monetary Relief Act passed in 1828 for certain surviving officers of the Revolutionary War.

Joshua Graves of Palmer was the son of Gideon Graves (see Gideon Graves), and was born in Palmer on March 25, 1805. He married Lucina Bliss of Monson on May 31, 1838. She died on January 8, 1842 at age 33. He then married Amanda Calkins of Palmer on August 9, 1842. He died on November 17, 1893 at age 88.

The papers of Joshua Graves contain a large number of deeds as well as some correspondence and several bills and receipts. The material is dated from 21 Jun 1830 to 1 Oct 1879, with some undated material.

Hezekiah Hale, son of Jonathan and Lydia Hale, was born in Longmeadow in 1740. He was married July 10, 1799 to Miriam Bliss. Hezekiah was a Lieutenant in the Militia. He died in 1813. His papers include bills, receipts, business correspondence and one deed. The material is dated from 12 May 1772 to 12 Jan 1807, with some undated items.

James W. Hale was a native of Glastonbury, Connecticut. At a young age he entered the mercantile house of Ward Woodbridge of Hartford, Connecticut, then one of the most prominent merchants in that city. He remained there until he was 21. Because of his promising ability he was transferred in 1830 to Monson where he became agent and acting manager in the Monson and Brimfield Manufacturing Company. Mr. Hale was afterwards in business at Monson with Deacon A. W. Porter, and a few years later carried on a store at Three Rivers (Palmer).

In 1836 he came to Springfield and engaged in the dry goods trade on State Street near the corner of Main Street. The next year he worked in West Springfield where he remained for three years. In 1841 he bought the lot at the corner of Main and East Court Streets and built his store, occupying it himself in 1844 and remaining there until his death on August 31, 1863. His papers dated from 8 Mar 1823 to 14 Oct 1847 consist of receipts and deeds.

Colonel Jonathan Hale, son of Jonathan and Lydia Hale and brother of Hezekiah, was born in Longmeadow on January 24, 1738. He was married June 13, 1765 to Mary Keep. Colonel Hale served his country and town as a military officer, a Justice of the Peace, a Selectman, Town Clerk, and Town Treasurer. He died in 1806.

His papers date from 1 May 1745 to 13 Oct 1809 and are primarily private business records, receipts, itemized bills and correspondence. There are also two post 1806 documents dealing with the distribution of his estate.

Captain Ebenezer Hitchcock, Sr., son of Captain Luke Hitchcock and Sarah Dorchester, was born on August 24, 1694 in Springfield. Be was a soldier in the French wars, and was in the Louisburg expedition in Colonel Dwights’ regiment. He received his commission as Lieutenant from Governor Shirley at Louisburg on June 28, 1745, just after the fall of that famous fortress. In 1747 he was a selectman of Springfield. He married Mary Sheldon on February 14, 1716, and they had 14 children. In 1735 Ebenezer Hitchcock received 379 pounds from the Pynchon estate because Mary Sheldon, his wife, was the granddaughter of Mary (Pynchon) Whiting, who was the daughter of John Pynchon. Ebenezer married for his second wife, Mary Morgan, of Brimfield.

The papers of Ebenezer Hitchcock consist primarily of deeds with a few receipts. The elder Hitchcock’s records are included and interspersed in the same folder as his son’s. This folder of materials is dated from 24 Dec 1726 to 28 Sep 1787.

Ebenezer Hitchcock, Jr., son of Captain Ebenezer Hitchcock and Mary Sheldon, was born in Springfield on August 20, 1720. He married Sarah Williston on June 24, 1762. He was a farmer and settled in Springfield.

The papers of the younger Ebenezer Hitchcock are included and interspersed with those of his father. They consist primarily of deeds with a few receipts and one statement as to the settlement of his father’s estate. This folder of materials is dated from 24 Dec 1726 to 28 Sep 1787.

Judge John Hooker, son of Reverend John Hooker, was born on October 8, 1761 in Northampton. He was married February 9, 1781 to Sarah Dwight of Springfield. Judge Hooker graduated from Yale in 1782 where he had studied law. Shortly after college he was admitted to the bar and set up a profession in Springfield. He served as a Springfield selectman in 1807-1808, 1810-1811, and 1823. He was Judge of Probate Court from 1813 to 1829, and subscribed $700 to the fund for the purchase of land which is now Court Square. Judge Hooker was one of the incorporators and a member of the first Board of Directors of the Springfield Bank, and its president from 1817 to 1819. He died in 1829. His papers which date from August 1788 to 18 Feb 1827 include some general receipts, an undated court summons, and a bound volume of court records dated 1788 to 1793. (See also Bound Volumes Collection.)

Reverend Bezaleel Howard was born in Bridgewater in 1753. He was a graduate of Harvard and a tutor there. He came to Springfield in 1784 where he became the Pastor of the First Church and continued in that office until 1803. In 1819, with 25 others, he withdrew from the First Church and formed the Unitarian Society. He was also the originator and one of the incorporators of the Springfield Institution of Savings. He died in 1837.

Reverend Howard’s papers include personal correspondence, a church document and his will. The materials date from 16 Sep 1786 through 1837.

Charles Howard, son of Reverend Bezaleel Howard, was born in Springfield in 1794. When he was 22 he became a businessman and partner of Wells Lathrop in storekeeping. In 1824 the firm took on a new partner, David W. Willard, and moved to South Hadley Falls where it went into papermaking. Charles Howard continued in this business until the firm’s failure in 1846. He was an original Jacksonian Democrat, and at the time of Jackson’s election in 1828 was made paymaster of the Springfield Armory (1829-1841). He also published the “Hampden Whig” at the Armory in the 1830s which served as a political organ for local Jacksonians. Later it became the “Post” but it faded out as the political climate changed. Howard was a member of the State Legislature in 1829, of the Governor’s Council in 1843, Chairman of the Town Selectmen in 1844, and an Under Officer in the Boston customhouse from 1846 to 1849. He died in 1875.

His papers, dated from 26 Nov 1824 to 22 Sep 1848, include miscellaneous medical receipts, letters of appointment to various political offices, a letter of recommendation dated 1829, and one undated item. There are also three personal letters, two of which date from 1848 and were sent to his wife from Boston while he was working at the customs house. Five documents dated 1841 pertain to various matters at the Springfield Armory. The earliest document, dated 1824, is a business contract drawing the plans for the Howard & Lathrop Paper Company.

Major Edward Ingersoll, son of John and Elizabeth Ingersoll, was born in Westfield on December 18, 1812. His father moved the family to Springfield. When a boy Edward entered the store of Raynolds & Morris, merchants on Main Street, as a clerk. In 1830 when 18 years old, he went to Michigan with Edward A. Morris where they established a trade with pioneer settlers. He later returned east and was for a time employed in the dry goods store of Ralph Snow in Northampton. In 1834 he was in business with his father-in-law, William Child, under the firm name Child & Ingersoll. In 1837 he went to Savannah, Georgia and formed a partnership with his brother, John, in the dry goods trade. He remained about two years and then returned to Springfield.

Around 1839 Congress decided to restore the government of the Armory to military rule. Edward Ingersoll made application for a position there. In April, 1841 he went to Washington with his credentials and the following month received a commission as an ordnance storekeeper. When the John Hancock Bank was organized in 1850 and located on the “Hill,” he was chosen one of the nine directors. He was appointed a military storekeeper, ordnance department U. S. Army on May 24, 1841; captain and ordnance storekeeper on July 28, 1866 and paymaster Springfield Armory with rank of major on the same date. He retired from active service on June 30, 1882 with three-fourths pay.

Major Ingersoll was married by Reverend Dr. Osgood on October 29, 1834 to Harriet J. Child, daughter of Captain William Child of Springfield. They had three sons and three daughters. Edward died January 28, 1891 at 79. His papers, dated from 20 Feb 1834 to 27 Apr 1849, consist mainly of deeds and there is one court notice dated 15 Mar 1848. (See also Series III: Oversized Material.)

John Ingersoll, Esq. was born on February 26, 1731. He was married on August 22, 1752 to Margaret Moseley. He was commissioned by George III as the Chief Magistrate of Westfield, and served as a town selectman several times between 1758 and 1785. He was a representative at the General Court at Boston, and was a member of the body which framed the Constitution of Massachusetts.

At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, although he was sympathetic to the cause, he decided to remain neutral as he had taken an oath to the King in his duty as Magistrate. His inactivity, however, led to suspicion and he was denounced as a Tory. On May 5, 1777 he was arrested by direction of the Committee of Safety and placed under a military guard. At his trial no material evidence was produced, but due to general suspicion because he had held an office under the Crown, he was sentenced to a brief confinement at his own home. After the war he regained popularity as can be shown by the fact that he was chosen a member of the Constitutional Convention. John Ingersoll died in 1792. His papers, dated from 29 Dec 1767 to 24 May 1842, include personal bills, receipts, invoices, related business letters, and some undated items.

Matthew Ives, Sr. of Otis married Rhoda Root on March 7, 1802 in Southwick. They had a son, Matthew, on August 6, 1803. See also the Matthew Ives, Jr. biography and folder.

Matthew Ives, Sr. dates of birth and death are not known. His papers include a large number of deeds, a petition, bills and receipts, and a contract. They are dated from 20 Apr 1803 to 16 Sep 1822.

Matthew Ives, Jr. of Westfield was born on August 6, 1803 in Blandford, the son of Matthew Ives, Sr. and Rhoda Root of Otis. He married Nancy A. Moseley on February 24, 1828. He served as Town Clerk of Westfield in 1827 and from 1829 to 1832, and was Postmaster of Westfield sometime in the 1840s. He also served as a delegate to inform the State Legislature of any required facts concerning the entry of the Western Railroad into Westfield.

The papers of Matthew Ives, Jr. include deeds, indentures, correspondence, petitions, and bills and receipts. Of particular interest are several letters about Ives’ reappointment to the position of Postmaster of Westfield. The material contained here is dated from 16 Jun 1825 to 25 May 1853 with some of the material undated.

Ezekiel Keith was born at Canton on October 28, 1777. On December 28, 1806 he married Betsey (Elizabeth) Ashley. He later married Mary (Wells) Barton in December, 1829.

His papers consist of a survey, two documents of guardianship, and a mortgage document. Also included with these materials are records of his wife, Mary Keith. The material in this folder is dated from 13 May 1813 to 6 Sep 1847 with two items undated. (See also Series 3: Oversized Material.)

Mary (Wells) Barton Keith, daughter of James and Rebecca Wells, was baptized on September 4, 1814. She married Ezekiel Keith in December, 1829. Her date of death is unknown.

Her papers consist of documents related to her position as administrator of Ezekial Keith’s estate. The material is included with the material of her husband. This folder is dated 13 May 1813 to 6 Sep 1847 with two items undated.

Robert Kidd, formerly William Kidd, was employed by the English Parliament in 1696 to apprehend all the pirates he could find and to bring them to trial. During his career, Captain Kidd turned to piracy himself. On July 3, 1699 Kidd was arrested and imprisoned at Boston. His imprisonment there lasted a year­-and-a-half. He was then returned to England where he was indicted for piracy. Kidd was convicted and executed in May, 1701.

This folder contains a letter dated 1701 in Boston from Captain Kidd to an unidentified John Bailey, Esq. This letter, found in Palmer in 1846, concerns Kidd’s arrest in Boston and his treasure buried on Conant’s Island. (Authenticity of this letter has never been proven.)

Abner Leonard, son of Reuben and Miriam Leonard, was born on March 4, 1744 in West Springfield. He was married in Feeding Hills on July 9, 1767 to Mary Cooper. On the expedition to Ticonderoga during the Revolution, Abner served in Lieutenant Enoch Cooper’s Company, which was a part of Colonel David Leonard’s regiment. In civilian life Abner Leonard was a farmer. He died in 1793.

His papers dated from 18 Jun 1770 to 1813, include deeds, miscellaneous bills and receipts, many of which relate to settlements on his estate. Also, there are several business documents, and some undated materials.

Leonard Family records consist of miscellaneous documents of family members not represented extensively enough individually to be filed in a separate folder. The folder includes materials of Araph, Ebenezer, Samuel, Luther, Eliphalet, Elijah, Daniel, Stephen, William, Joseph, Justin, Cyrus, and Ann Leonard. The materials in this folder are dated from 1744 to 1836 with several items undated.

Mary Leonard, daughter of Timothy and Lydia Cooper, was born on July 3, 1745 in West Springfield. She was married in Feeding Hills on July 9, 1767 to Abner Leonard (see Abner Leonard). She died on March 2, 1827. Her papers, dated from 20 Sep 1769 to 2 Mar 1827, include deeds, a court summons, as well as copies of her will.

Moses Leonard, the son of Joseph Leonard and Sarah Beckwith, was born on November 5, 1711. He married Constance Dewey of Westfield on March 5, 1744, and they had three sons and three daughters. Moses Leonard died on February 5, 1788.

His papers consist of the records he generated as Treasurer of the Sixth Parish of Springfield, which is present day Agawam. The records are dated from 12 Apr 1747 to 8 Dec 1788, with some material undated.

Thaddeus Leonard was born on November 2, 1762. In 1784 he married Mary Leonard, daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah (Flowers) Leonard. She died in 1816, and was buried in Agawam. Thaddeus then married Clarissa Granger Pierpont who died in Suffield, Connecticut in 1849. He was a fifer in Captain Samuel Sloper’s company, Colonel Israel Chapin’s Third Regiment, and saw service at Claverack. The Regiment was raised to reinforce the Northern Army.

Thaddeus Leonard died in West Springfield on September 5, 1842. His papers consist of the financial records he collected while serving as Treasurer of the Second Parish of West Springfield (Agawam). The records are dated from 18 Apr 1794 to 29 Mar 1828, with some material undated.

Clarissa Dwight Gates Lyman, originally from Belchertown, married Samuel six children. Her papers include bills, receipts, and other financial records which are dated from 7 Jan 1832 to 28 Sep 1843.

Samuel Lyman was born in 1782, the son of the Honorable Samuel Lyman, who served in the Legislature and as a Connecticut state senator from 1790 to 1793; and in Massachusetts served as a judge and member of Congress from 1795 to 1800. The younger Samuel after graduating from Yale College followed in his father’s footsteps, and became a judge of the Circuit Court of Massachusetts. He also served as a member of Congress. He married Clarissa Gates (see Clarissa Dwight Gates Lyman folder), and they had six children. Samuel Lyman died in 1837 at 55.

His papers consist primarily of bills, receipts, financial records, and probate records. They are dated from 1 Jan 1817 to 3 Dec 1833, with some material undated.

Captain Joseph Miller II of Ludlow was born in 1724, the son of Captain Joseph Miller, the first person to settle in Ludlow. He married Mary Wilder, who was born in 1757 and died in 1845. He served as a town selectman, and on October 3, 1774 was chosen to represent the District of Ludlow at the Provincial Congress in Concord. While serving in that capacity, Joseph Miller II joined in the enactment of the resolve which created a militia force, the members of which came to be known as the Minutemen. He also attended subsequent sessions of the Congress at Salem, Cambridge and Watertown prior to May, 1775. In May, 1775 he was selected to serve on the committee of Correspondence and Safety. His son, Aaron J. Miller, served as a surgeon’s mate during the Revolutionary War.

Captain Joseph Miller II died in 1803. His papers consist of deeds and a power of attorney. The material is dated 27 May 1757 to 27 May 1795 with a few undated items.

Joseph Miller III of Ludlow was born in 1787, the son of Leonard Miller (see Leonard Miller folder). He first married Julia Bissell. He then married Electa Button who died in 1876. He died in 1877 at the age of 90. His papers  consist of several deeds and are dated from 20 Oct 1801 to 22 Sep 1838.

Leonard Miller was born in Ludlow in 1752, the son of Captain Joseph Miller II. (See Captain Joseph Miller II folder.) He first married. Mary Sikes who died in childbirth in 1790. He then married Sarah Kellogg who was born in 1754 and died in 1838. Leonard Miller was active in the affairs of the First Church of Ludlow, and was involved in the Antipas Steward controversy. Steward, who became minister of the Ludlow church in 1789, was apparently unsatisfactory to his congregation. In 1802 the situation came to a head. A committee of five, in which Leonard Miller was one of the selected members, was chosen to call for and arrange an Ecclesiastical Council. The Council met and dismissed Steward in 1803.

Leonard Miller died in 1820. His papers consist of deeds and probate records, and are dated from 13 May 1799 to 4 Nov 1820.

Phineas and Anna Osgood. Phineas was born in Wendell on November 1, 1767. He married Anna Bent who died February 9, 1864. Phineas died January 25, 1825. Their papers are all deeds and date from 17 Apr 1801 to 8 Apr 1848 with some material undated.

Captain Joseph Pease, a farmer and merchant, was born on May 9, 1775. As a young man he taught school during the winter months. In 1820 he formed a partnership with Stephen C. Bemis, who had been his clerk, having a store on Chicopee Street. Captain Pease was a Justice of the Peace for many years, a member of the Board of Selectmen of Springfield in 1817, 1820 and 1824, and a member of the House of Representatives in the Legislature in 1814-1815 and 1833-1834. He was commissioned Lieutenant First Regiment, First Brigade, Fourth Division Massachusetts Volunteer Militia on May 5, 1807; Captain on July 20, 1812 and discharged on April 24, 1815. He was a deacon of the First Congregational Society, Chicopee Street, which was organized in 1752.

On April 21, 1799 he married Bethia Erato Chapin, daughter of Captain Phineas and Sabrina (Wright) Chapin of Springfield. She was born on August 27, 1782 and died on October 8, 1859 at the age of 77 years. Joseph Pease died on 4 November 8, 1839 at the age of 64 years, 9 months. They had eight sons and four daughters. The papers of Captain Joseph Pease consist primarily of deeds,  with two tax receipts. The documents are dated from 3 Apr 1801 to 22 Oct 1839.

Honorable William Phillips, the son of Samuel and Hannah White, was born on July 6, 1722. At the age of 15 he traveled to Boston and became an apprentice to Edward Broomfield, a merchant of Boston. At the termination of his apprenticeship he married Abigail Broomfield on June 13, 1744. In the following years he was elected a representative and state senator. During the Revolution he was on the committee sent to demand of Governor Hutchinson that the tea should be sent back to England, was a member of the Convention for framing the Constitution of Massachusetts, and that of adopting the Constitution of the United States. Upon the outbreak of the Revolution he moved his family to Norwich, Connecticut where they remained until the British left Boston. While in Norwich he stayed in Benedict Arnold’s mansion. He was also known for his generous support of the Phillips Academy of Andover. He died on January 15, 1804 at the age of 81 years.

The papers of the Honorable William Phillips include deeds, bills and receipts, and a will. This material is included in the same folder as his son, Lieutenant Governor William Phillips, and is dated from 25 Dec 1762 to 1 Jul 1831. See also the biography of Lieutenant Governor William Phillips.

Lieutenant Governor William Phillips, son of the Honorable William Phillips and Abigail Broomfield, was born on March 30, 1750. He served as deacon of the Old South Church; a representative; and from 1812 to 1823 as Lieutenant Governor. He was also president of the Massachusetts Bank from 1804 to 1827, and a presidential elector in 1820. He was also known as a generous supporter of both Phillips Academy of Andover and Andover Theological Seminary. He married Miriam Mason on September 13, 1774 and they had seven children. He died on May 26, 1827.

The papers of Lieutenant Governor William Phillips include deeds, and bills and receipts. They are contained within the same folder as his father’s papers. This material is dated from 25 Dec 1762 to 1 Jul 1831. See also the biography of the Honorable William Phillips.

Edward Pynchon, Esq. was born in Springfield in 1774. Upon the death of his father, William Pynchon, in March, 1808 he became Town Clerk and Treasurer. He was parish clerk and treasurer of the First Church. He was County Treasurer and Register of Deeds from 1812, being the first person elected to these offices. Having been regularly re-elected he held these offices for 18 years (until his death). He was one of the original incorporators of the old Springfield Bank (now the Second National), chartered in 1814, and was its first cashier in 1814-1815. He was one of the selectmen of the town in 1812.

Edward Pynchon died on March 17, 1830 at the age of 56 years. His papers consist of deeds, receipts and correspondence. They are dated from 10 Feb 1768 to 3 May 1829. (See also Series 3: Oversized Material.)

Pynchon Family records consist of miscellaneous documents of family members not represented extensively enough individually to be filed in a separate folder. The folders include five documents of John Pynchon dated 1710 to 1734, and materials of William Pynchon, Charles Pynchon, Edward Pynchon, Joseph Pynchon, George Pynchon, Stephen Pynchon and Walter Pynchon. The folders are dated from 1710 to 1898 with some items undated.

John Pynchon, son of John and Margaret Pynchon, was born c. 1674. On February 18, 1702 he married Bathshua Taylor, daughter of Rev. William Taylor of Westfield. They had three sons and three daughters. Bathshua died on June 20, 1710. He remarried on November 3, 1711 to Phebe Lester of Enfield. They had four sons and two daughters. He died July 12, 1742.

His papers consist of his records as Clerk of Common Pleas and County Register. The material is dated 2 Mar 1705 to 5 Apr 1729. See also Pynchon Family. (See also Series 3: Oversized Material.)

Major William Pynchon, Jr. was born in 1739. He was a Deputy Sheriff in 1775, one of the selectmen of the town, Register of Deeds from 1777 until his death in 1808, County Treasurer, Town Clerk and Treasurer, Justice of the Peace, and parish clerk and treasurer. He married Lucy Harris in 1766. She died on February 17, 1814 at the age of 75 years. William Pynchon died in a fit of apoplexy on March 24, 1808 in his 69th year.

His papers include deeds, a business letter, and records generated while serving as Justice of the Peace and Sheriff of Hampshire County. They date from 21 May 1771 to 20 Feb 1819. (See also Series 3: Oversized Material.)

Joseph Sexton was born on August 25, 1753. His marriage intentions to Hannah Cadwell were recorded in Wilbraham October 17, 1778. They had five sons and a daughter. Joseph Sexton’s records consist of eight deeds dated from 20 Apr 1791 to 25 Apr 1820.

John A. Smith remains unidentified. His records consist of receipts he collected while serving as Highway Surveyor in Palmer. The documents are dated from 12 Oct 1797 to 2 Jun 1809.

Jonathan Smith, Jr., a prominent politician from West Springfield, was born on July 31, 1757. Throughout his career he served in a variety of key positions including: Town Moderator (1794 and 1798-1819), Representative in the State Legislature (1794-1796, 1798-1811 and 1814-1819), Selectman of the Town of West Springfield (1807-1813), Justice of the Peace (1811), a presidential elector (1804), and the first sheriff of the newly formed Hampden County (1812). He died on February 5, 1820 in Boston. The papers of Jonathan Smith, Jr. consist primarily of letters written to him on political or business concerns of the day. They also include a deed, a proclamation from the governor listing the individuals who had been elected to office in the state of Massachusetts, a proclamation appointing. Jonathan Smith to office, material generated while serving as Sheriff of Hampden County, and an inventory of Smith’s property at the time of his death.

The letters, which make up the bulk of the six folders, discuss a variety of subjects concerning Jonathan Smith including: the War of 1812, political concerns of the Republican Party (which he was a member), business concerns, the organization of Hampden County, and other subjects related to his political affairs and the offices he held. Included in the correspondence are letters from John Ingersoll (see also the John Ingersoll biography and folder); George Bliss (see also the Bliss Collection); Samuel Fowler, Luther Frink (see also the Luther Frink biography and folder), Benjamin Stebbins, Justin Leonard, and Miner Stebbins (see also the Miner Stebbins biography and folder). Of special importance are the letters of Jere Stebbins, which make up a majority of the letters included in the Jonathan Smith papers (see also the biography on Jere Stebbins). Also of interest is the letter dated 5 Feb 1820 from Phineas Allen telling of Jonathan Smith’s last illness and of his death the night before. This material is dated from 27 Mar 1798 to 29 Jun 1820 with some material undated. (See also Series 3: Oversized Material.)

Samuel Smith was born in West Springfield on March 3, 1756/57. He was the twin brother of Jonathan Smith III and the son of Jonathan Smith, Jr. and Mercy Leonard (see the folder on Jonathan Smith, Jr.). He married Eunice Taylor on November 28, 1780 and they had five sons. Samuel Smith died in West Springfield on October 18, 1828. His papers include several deeds and a letter dated 28 Oct 1802. The material is dated from 24 Nov 1787 to 1 Mar 1820 with some documents undated.

Honorable Eliphalet Trask, son of Josiah Trask, was born in Monson on January 8, 1806. At 12 years old he went to live with his grandfather in Stafford, Connecticut. At about 20 years old he began work in a foundry and from 1828 to 1843 was employed in a foundry at East Brookfield. He married Ruby Squier, daughter of Solomon and Sarah (Moulton) Squier of Monson, on March 3, 1829. In 1834 he moved to Springfield and went into partnership with his brothers, Lauren and Abner, and established a foundry at the south end on Mill River. He remained two years and then sold his interest in the business to his brothers, and soon after built a foundry on Court Street. In about four years he moved to Water Street and established what was known as “Trask’s Foundry.” He was one of the leading organizers and promoters of the Universalist Church. He organized the company which built the church on Main Street opposite Bliss Street, now the property of Lawson Sibley and used for business purposes.

He was the first Alderman elected to the city government from Ward 2 in 1852 and was re-elected in 1853-1854 and 1870, and was mayor in 1855. It was during his administration that the first City Hall was completed and dedicated. In politics he was a Whig and remained so until the “Know-nothing” party was brought into existence. In 1857 he was nominated and elected Lieutenant Governor on the ticket with Nathaniel P. Banks and took the office in 1858 and was re-elected in 1859-1860. He was a Representative to the Legislature in 1856-1857 and in 1862.

He was a director in the Western Bank which was located on Main Street at the corner of Liberty Street; president of the Agawam Canal Company for many years and of the Agawam Paper Company from its organization in 1859; president of the Hampden Savings Bank from 1871 until his death in 1890; president of the Hampden Agricultural Society; a director in the Springfield Mutual Fire Assurance Company from October 7, 1872 to December 9, 1890; a stockholder and director of the First National Bank; a stockholder in the Boston & Albany Railroad and the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad; and one of the trustees of the hospital for the insane at Northampton in which position he served for nineteen years from 1856 until 1875.

His wife was born on August 22, 1811 and died on November 26, 1890 at the age of 79 years, 3 months. They had five sons and five daughters. Eliphalet Trask died on December 9, 1890 at the age of 84 years, 11 months. His papers consist of deeds which are dated from 4 Mar 1841 to 7 Apr 1847.

John Trumble, son of John and Ann Trumble, was born c. 1639 in Roxbury. He married Deborah Jackson on May 14, 1662 in Rowley, and they had five children. Deacon John Trumble was ordained to the Rowley Church on October 24, 1686. He was a lieutenant in the military in 1689. He died in March, 1691.

His papers consist of deeds dated 1700 to 1748. Also included in this folder are the materials of Joseph Trumble. The folder is dated from 4 Jan 1700 to 17 Jun 1760.

Joseph Trumble, son of John and Deborah (Jackson) Trumble, was born in 1678. He settled in Lebanon, Connecticut in 1704 just after the town was organized. He married Hannah Higley on August 31, 1704, and they had three sons and four daughters. Joseph Trumble was a farmer and a merchant. He subsequently engaged in foreign commerce, with his sons, building vessels of their own on the Thames and the Connecticut. They exchanged their exports for imports from the West Indies, England and Holland. One of his sons, Jonathan, went on to become Governor of the Colony of Connecticut.

Joseph Trumble died on June 16, 1755. His papers, included with those of John Trumble, consist of deeds dated 4 Jan 1743 to 17 Jun 1760.

William Tyler of South Hadley served as minister of the Congregational Church of South Hadley Falls from August 10, 1832 until December 4, 1843. His birth date and date of his death are unknown. His papers include accounting records, and bills and receipts; and are dated from 2 Jun 1823 to 17 Sep 1831.

Arel Utley, son of Stephen Utley and Zipporah (Hastings) Utley, was born in Pomfret, Connecticut on June 11, 1761. He married Lavinea H. Merrick of Monson, and they had four sons and two daughters. He settled in Monson at a young age, established himself as a farmer and engaged in other business interests. He took an active part in religious and educational matters. He headed the list of contributors for the first building of Monson Academy, and from 1804 to 1809 served as a trustee of Monson Academy. Arel Utley died in Monson on April 7, 1810.

His papers include two notices advertising the land of the deceased Arel Utley for sale and several maps of his property. The documents are dated from 27 Jan 1819 to 1819 with several items undated.

Ebenezer Warriner, Sr., son of James Warriner and Elizabeth Baldwin, was born on March 4, 1681/82. He married Joanna Dickinson on January 8, 1700/01, and they had four sons and eight daughters. Ebenezer Warriner died February 5, 1737. His papers consist of deeds and a will and are dated from 5 Apr 1708 to 21 Jan 1736.

Ebenezer Warriner, Jr., son of Ebenezer Warriner and Joanna Dickinson, was born on September 20, 1719. He married Sarah Chapin on October 23, 1746, and they had three sons and four daughters. Ebenezer Warriner, Jr. died on January 19, 1813 at the age of 94 years. His papers consist of deeds, an account between Ebenezer Warriner and John Colton, and an inventory of the estate of Ebenezer Warriner, Jr. The material is dated from 22 May 1750 to 15 May 1813.

Ebenezer Warriner III, son of Ebenezer and Sarah Chapin, was born on July 18, 1754. He married Tryphena Ferry on February 21, 1781, and they had three sons and one daughter. Ebenezer Warriner III died on August 23, 1823. His papers consist of deeds, financial records, a will, and an extract from the inventory of the estate of Ebenezer Warriner. The material dates from 24 Feb 1809 to 1823 with several undated documents.

Joanna (Dickinson) Warriner, daughter of Hezekiah and Abigail Dickinson, was born on February 2, 1684. She married Ebenezer Warriner, Sr. on January 8, 1700/01, and they had four sons and eight daughters. After Ebenezer’s death on February 5, 1737, Joanna married Benjamin Chapin on September 27, 1740. She died on October 31, 1764.

Joanna Warriner’s papers are filed under Warriner, but there are documents included here which are signed Joanna Chapin. They consist of deeds and a will, and are dated from 11 Mar 1737 to 10 May 1764.

Mary (Bliss) Warriner, daughter of Luke and Rachel Bliss of Springfield, was born on August 8, 1785. She married Solomon Warriner on July 4, 1811 and they had three children. She died on January 2, 1859.

Her papers include two letters from her husband, Solomon Warriner, and are included in the material of her husband. The documents in this folder are dated 25 Oct 1789 to 24 Sep 1833.

Solomon Warriner, son of Solomon and Mary Warriner of Wilbraham, was born on March 24, 1778. He married Eleanor Keep on May 5, 1801, and they had five children. She died July 8, 1810. He married Mary Bliss, daughter of Luke and Rachel Bliss, on July 4, 1811. They had three children. He died on June 14, 1860.

His papers consist of a number of deeds and correspondence from his son, Francis Warriner. Also included in this folder are the materials of Mary Warriner. The folder is dated from 25 Oct 1789 to 24 Sep 1833.

George Washington. This folder contains a copy of the letter of Jacob Duche to George Washington dated 8 Oct 1777. Also contained in this folder is a letter from the Library of Congress identifying the document as a copy.

Philo Wilcox, the son of a farmer, was born in East Berlin, Connecticut in 1806. He married Orpha J. Wood. He came to Springfield in 1824 and learned the trade of tinner (tinsmith) in his brothers’ establishment. He later went into business for himself at the southeast corner of Main and State Streets. He was a director in the Springfield Mutual Fire Assurance Company from 1834 to 1869, and its president from 1841 to 1850. In 1840 he was elected a director in the Chicopee Bank, Springfield, and was president from 1850 to 1865. He was a member of the Common Council from Ward 3 in 1854, and a representative in the legislature from Springfield in 1859.

Philo Wilcox died in 1871. His papers, which date from 1 May 1827 to 13 Jul 1849, include business and city tax receipts, business correspondences, one indenture (1831), several shipping orders for goods bound from New York to Hartford, a few itemized bills, and two undated items.

Colonel John Worthington was born in Springfield on November 24, 1719. He entered Yale College where he graduated in 1740, and remained a tutor for three years. He read law in the office of General Phineas Lyman of Suffield, Connecticut; and initiated a practice in his native town in 1744. He received the degree of Master of Arts and Doctor of Laws from his alma mater in 1792. As early as 1757 he received his military title of colonel by commanding a regiment of Massachusetts Militia in Hampshire County. From 1771 through 1773 he was one of the selectmen of the town. He was attorney for old Hampshire County under the colonial government.

He was a stockholder, and one of the incorporators of a company chartered by the legislature in 1792 to build locks and canals on the Connecticut River, South Hadley (Falls) being one of those built. Colonel Worthington was one of the executors of the will of Colonel Ephraim Williams, who was killed in the French and Indian War at Lake George on September 8, 1755, and by his will laid the foundation of Williams College. In 1765 he was a member of a committee of the House of Representatives to consider Governor Bernard’s speech. The next year he assisted in the preparation of an address of thanks to the king for the repeal of the Stamp Act. In 1769 Governor Hutchinson wrote him to ask if he would accept the place of attorney general. In 1770 he was associated with Hancock, John Adams, and other whigs to draft a message to the governor on the subject of removing the troops from Boston to Castle William. In 1772 he was connected with resolutions relative to grants of money for the support of the government of the province. In 1791 he was one of the commissioners to ascertain the boundary line between Massachusetts and Connecticut.

One of his daughters married Fisher Ames. Another was the wife of Jonathan Bliss, a loyalist, who was proscribed under the Act of 1778 and went to New Brunswick. Colonel John Worthington died on April 25, 1800 at the age of 81. Mary, his widow, died in 1812 at the age of 80. The papers of Colonel Worthington consist of eleven folders of material including financial records, contracts, deeds, court records, and miscellaneous material.

The financial records are divided into accounts, and bills and receipts. The accounts contain statements and inventories of property owned, the financial records of business transactions, and financial statements concerned with settling the estate of John Worthington. Of special interest in this folder is the accountant’s records of the amount of Worthington’s estate at the time of his death dated 8 Oct 1817, and signed by the heirs as a true statement of the estate of John Worthington (ESM-01-06-10). The financial records are dated from 1796 to 8 June 1811. Bills and receipts are dated from 5 Nov 1750 to 6 Jan 1827 with some undated items.

The contracts include a large number of the loan agreements Worthington made throughout his business career. Well documented here is the extent of his business relationships which extended throughout the Connecticut River Valley and beyond. His contracts date from 10 Nov 1741 to 26 May 1829. Worthington’s correspondence consist primarily of business letters. Also included here are letters concerning the estate of John Worthington. They are dated from 17 Aug 1757 to 10 Aug 1807. His deeds are dated from 30 Jul 1753 to 5 Nov 1824. The Court Summonses consist of claims he made against individuals who were delinquent on payments due. They date from 20 Jun 1755 to 18 Jan 1823. Also included in these papers are the records Colonel John Worthington generated as Justice of the Peace. They are dated 12 May 1766 to 10 Aug 1772 with some undated material. The miscellaneous records included are dated 5 Jul 1763 to 22 Feb 1813 with some undated items. (See also Series 3: Oversized Material.)


This series consists of all miscellaneous materials not removed to Series 1: Personal Files. The folders are arranged alphabetically by subject or town and then chronologically within each folder. The bulk of the materials collected here consists of town records, containing both personal papers and town government records. Included also is a sizable number of miscellaneous materials. These materials are contained in the folders titled Western Mass. (1703-1898; N.D.), Outside Western Mass. (1713-1891; N.D.) or Unidentified (1717-1894; N.D.). The material in this series, consisting of four-and-a-half linear feet, is dated from 1703 to 1923 with some material undated.

Of particular interest in this series are the following company and association materials: The H. J. Brewer & Company (1790s-1850s; N.D.); Indian Orchard Canal Company (1845-1851); Portersville Manufacturing Company of Agawam (1835-1845; N.D.); Union Cotton Manufacturing Company (1812-1821; N.D.); Hampden Mechanic Association (1829-1858; N.D.): Springfield Fire Club (1794-1895); and the Temperance Association of Springfield (1831-1836; N.D.).

Also of interest in this series are the materials from the U. S. Armory at Springfield containing documents regarding the return of muskets and bayonets (1798-1803) and a printed description of the Armory (N.D.). Included also in this series are Militia Records (1758-1863; N.D.), Turnpike Materials (1832; N.D.), Early Railroad materials (1829-1850), and Shays’ Rebellion materials (1763-1802; N.D.), which include the letters of William Shepard dated 20 Dec 1786 and 1 Jan 1787.


This series contains all material that because of size or fragileness had to be removed from the regular collection. The materials included are: town government records, company records, court records, military records, personal records, and miscellaneous materials. These miscellaneous materials are filed under either Western Mass. (1730-1768), Outside Western Mass. (1715-1831), or Unidentified documents. The material, consisting of two linear feet, is dated from 1701 to 1865 with some material undated.

Of particular interest in this series are the master roll of Captain Charles Colton’s Company of the Third Massaschusetts Regiment commanded by Colonel John Greaton (1777), and the statments of the U.S. Armory at Springfield showing the cost of manufacturing and repairing muskets (1795-1865). Also of interest are samples of the types of paper produced by the D. & J. Ames Company of Springfield (N.D.), along with the patents of John Ames and Samuel Eckstein (1831-1840) pertaining to the production of paper.

The materials in this series also contain: The Court Register of Writs for Hampden County (1812-1813); a Dwight Family Genealogy (N.D.); and a document regarding the tolls for the South Hadley Canal (N.D.).

Also included in this series are the papers of Chaucey Brewer and Mary Cushing (Gay) Robinson.

Biographical Notes and Description of Manuscripts

Chaucey Brewer, son of Nathaniel and Eunice Brewer, was born on April 21, 1743. On February 9, 1771 he married Amy White and they had eleven children. He died on March 5, 1830. His papers consist of documents on his appointment as Justice of the Peace. The material is dated 11 Jan 1802 to 6 Jan 1830.

Mary Cushing (Gay) Robinson, daughter of Reverend Ebenezer Gay and Mary Cushing, was born on September 23, 1764. She died in 1842. Her papers consist of letters from her stepmother, Bathshua Pynchon. Bathshua Pynchon was the second wife of Reverend Ebenezer Gay, who served at the First Congregational Church of Suffield for 51 years. These materials are dated from 29 Apr 1822 to 19 Feb 1841 with three items undated.


This series contains all materials dated before 1700. The folders are arranged in boxes according to the nature of the materials: parchment materials (1652-1696), personal materials (1639-1699), and miscellaneous materials (1648­1699). The parchment materials, consisting of deeds and indentures, are not arranged by folder due to the nature of the materials. The personal and miscellaneous materials are arranged alphabetically by (name or) subject and then chronologically within each folder. The bulk of this material consists of deeds, with a large number of miscellaneous materials. The materials in this series, consisting of two-and-a-half linear feet, is dated from 1639 to 1699 with some material undated.

Of particular interest in this series are the records of John Pynchon. These materials consist of correspondence (1662-1694; N.D.), deeds (1664-1699), and bills and receipts (1680-1693; N.D.). In addition to these materials is a bound volume of John Pynchon’s notes in shorthand on the sermons of Reverend George Moxon (1639).

Also of interest in this series is the correspondence of Joseph Pynchon regarding the burning of Springfield by Indians (1675); a document regarding an early case of sexual assault in Northampton (1656); and Chapin family deeds (1663-1672) not found in the Chapin Collection.

Biographical Notes and Description of Manuscripts

Henry Chapin, son of Samuel and Cicely Chapin, was born in England about 1630. On December 15, 1664 he married Bethiah Cooley, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah Cooley of Longmeadow, and they had six children. Prior to 1659, Chapin lived a seafaring life, commanding a merchant ship sailing between London and Boston. He returned home in 1659, and became a representative to the General Court in 1689. He died on August 15, 1718 in Springfield. Chapin is represented by one deed. The material, included with that of Samuel Chapin, is dated 9 Mar 1659 to 10 Mar 1666.

Japhet Chapin, son of Samuel and Cicely Chapin, was baptised on October 15, 1642 in Roxbury. On July 22, 1664 he married Abilenah Cooley of Milford, Connecticut, and they had ten children. Chapin later married Dorothy Root of Enfield in 1711. He was a deacon in the church in Springfield, and he was engaged in the battle with Indians at Turners Falls in 1676. Chapin died on February 20, 1712 in Springfield. His papers consist of deeds dated 16 Nov 1669 to 16 Apr 1673.

Samuel Chapin, son of John and Phillipe (Easton) Chapin, was baptised on October 8, 1598 in England. On February 9, 1623 he married Cicely Penney in Paignton, England. They had seven children. Chapin came to New England from England about 1635. He first settled in Roxbury, but later followed William Pynchon to the Springfield (Agawam) settlement in 1642. In 1644 Chapin was appointed selectman, an office he held until 1652.

Deacon Samuel Chapin was first referred to as such in 1650. Besides his regular duties assigned to his office, he conducted and preached religious services during the absence of a pastor. In 1652, after John Pynchon and his family were sent back to England due to charges of heresy by the General Court, Deacon Chapin was commissioned magistrate for the administration of justice by the General Court. He held this office, with two others, until 1664. He died on November 11, 1675.

His papers consist of two deeds. The material, included with that of Henry Chapin, is dated 9 Mar 1659 to 10 Mar 1666.

John Pynchon, son of William Pynchon, was born c. 1621. On October 30, 1645 he married Amy Wyllys, daughter of Governor George Wyllys of Hartford, Connecticut. They had three sons and two daughters. He died January 7, 1703.

“Worshipful Major” Pynchon of Springfield was constantly engaged in public affairs from 1650 to 1702. Pynchon served as chief magistrate in Hampshire County and as the First Justice of the Court.

John Pynchon, son of John and Amy Pynchon, was born October 15, 1647. In 1673 he married Margaret Hubbard, daughter of Revered William Hubbard of Ipswich. They had two sons and one daughter. He died on April 25, 1721.

Pynchon was a student along with his brother Joseph at Harvard College. He later became a merchant in Boston, trading on his own account. He, like his father, was very involved in public affairs. In 1683 he was one of the Commissioners of the United Colonies. He also served as town clerk and selectman for many years in Springfield.

Joseph Pynchon, son of John and Amy Pynchon, was born on July 24, 1646. After his graduation from Harvard College, he became a physician in Boston. He died on December 30, 1682 unmarried.

His papers include three deeds dated 23 Oct 1678 to 20 Apr 1680. Also included are two copies of a letter from John Pynchon, dated 24 Oct 1675, giving an account of the burning of Springfield by the Indians.


BOX 01
ESM-01-01-01              ADAMS, DAVID OF SPRINGFIELD
ESM-01-01-03              BIDWELL, BARNABUS
ESM-01-01-03.5          BOWLES, SAMUEL 1840-1848
ESM-01-01-04              BRECK, REV. ROBERT ;MANUSCRIPTS
ESM-01-01-05              BRECK, REV. ROBERT
ESM-01-01-08.5          BURT, CALVIN OF LONGMEADOW
ESM-01-01-11               COLTON, SAMUEL SR. OF LONGMEADOW
ESM-01-01-14              COLTON, SAMUEL JR. OF LONGMEADOW
ESM-01-01-15              COLTON, SAMUEL JR. OF LONGMEADOW
ESM-01-01-16              COLTON, SAMUEL JR. OF LONGMEADOW
BOX 02
ESM-01-02-02              DWIGHT, JONATHAN OF SPRINGFIELD 1797-1836
ESM-01-02-03              DWIGHT, JOSIAH OF SPRINGFIELD 1768
ESM-01-02-04              DWIGHT, LOUISA CORRESPONDENCE 1846
ESM-01-02-09              EDWARDS, JONATHAN; SERMON
ESM-01-02-10              ELY, JUSTIN OF W. SPRINGFIELD (1760-1815)
ESM-01-02-11               ELY, JUSTIN OF W. SPRINGFIELD; ACCOUNT BOOK (1781-1793)

BOX 03
ESM-01-03-01              GRAVES, DANIEL OF PALMER
ESM-01-03-02              GRAVES, GIDEON OF PALMER 1785-1829
ESM-01-03-03              GRAVES, GIDEON OF PALMER 1830-1834
ESM-01-03-04              GRAVES, GIDEON OF PALMER 1835-1853
ESM-01-03-05              HALE, HEZEKIAH OF LONGMEADOW 1772-1807
ESM-01-03-06              HALE, JONATHAN OF LONGMEADOW 1745-1809
ESM-01-03-07              HITCHCOCK, EBENEZER OF SPRINGFIELD 1776-1787
ESM-01-03-07.5           HOWARD, BEZALEEL OF SPRINGFIELD 1786-1837
ESM-01-03-08              HOWARD, CHARLES 1824-1848
ESM-01-03-09              HUNT, JOHN 1761
ESM-01-03-10              INGERSOLL, JOHN OF W. SPRINGFIELD 1767-1783
ESM-01-03-11              INGERSOLL, JOHN OF W. SPRINGFIELD 1784-1793
ESM-01-03-12              INGERSOLL, JOHN OF W. SPRINGFIELD 1772-1842

BOX 04
ESM-01-04-01              KIDD, CAPT. ROBERT, 1701 V
ESM-01-04-02              LEONARD, ABNER ; AGAWAM 1770-1813
ESM-01-04-03              LEONARD FAMILY 1744-1836
ESM-01-04-04              LEONARD, MARY OF AGAWAM 1769-1827
ESM-01-04-05              LEONARD, MOSES OF AGAWAM 1747-1761
ESM-01-04-06              LEONARD, MOSES OF AGAWAM 1762-1788; ND
ESM-01-04-07              MILLER, JOSEPH II OF LUDLOW 1757-1795
ESM-01-04-08              NASH, MOSES 1727
ESM-01-04-11               RAND, WILLIAM 1739
ESM-01-04-12              ROWLANDSON, MARY
ESM-01-04-13              SMITH, SAMUEL OF WESTFIELD 1771
ESM-01-04-14              STRONG, NATHAN; SERMONS 1777
ESM-01-04-15              TRUMBLE, JOHN AND JOSEPH OF SUFFIELD, 1700-1760
ESM-01-04-15.5           TRUMBLE, JOHN ; DEED 1694
ESM-01-04-16              SMITH, JONATHAN 1807-1813

BOX 05
ESM-01-05-01              WARRINER, EBENEZER, SR. 1708 -1736
ESM-01-05-02              WARRINER, EBENEZER, JR. 1750 -1765
ESM-01-05-03              WARRINER, EBENEZER, JR. 1768 – 1813
ESM-01-05-04              WARRINER, JOANNA 1737-1764
ESM-01-05-05              LETTER (COPY) TO G. WASHINGTON FROM J. DUCHER 1777
ESM-01-05-06              WORTHINGTON, JOHN 1750 -1801
ESM-01-05-08              WORTHINGTON, JOHN; CONTRACTS, 1741 – 1769
ESM-01-05-09              WORTHINGTON, JOHN; CONTRACTS, 1770 -1779
ESM-01-05-10              WORTHINGTON, JOHN; CORRESPONDENCE 1757 -1807
ESM-01-05-11              WORTHINGTON, JOHN; COURT SUMMONS 1755 -1823
ESM-01-05-12              WORTHINGTON, JOHN; DEEDS 1753 -1824
ESM-01-05-13              WORTHINGTON, JOHN; MISC. PAPERS 1763-1813; ND
ESM-01-05-14              WORTHINGTON, JOHN; TOWN RECORDS 1766-1772
ESM-01-05-15              WHITE, LYDIA; ACCOUNT BOOK 1794-1823

BOX 06
ESM-01-06-01              BATES, THOMAS 1774-1815
ESM-01-06-02              COLTON, ELIJAH OF LONGMEADOW 1815-1817
ESM-01-06-03              SIKES, BENJAMIN OF LUDLOW 1758-1822
ESM-01-06-04              ASHLEY FAMILY DOGS, 1806-1818
ESM-01-06-05              GLOVER FAMILY DOCS, 1701/02-1859
ESM-01-06-06              CURTISS, JUA ANN (ABBE) 1814-1905
ESM-01-06-07              WILCOX, PHILO F 1806
ESM-01-06-08              WARRINER, EBENEZER 1708
ESM-01-06-09              THOMAS, ROWLAND AND WARRINER, JAMES 1692
ESM-01-06-10               HON. JOHN WORTHINGTON (Estate Summary)

BOX 01
ESM-02-01-01               AGAWAM INDIVIDUALS, MISC. 1766-1806; N.D.
ESM-02-01-02              AGAWAM, 2ND PARISH OF W. SPFLD; RECORDS 1761-1883
ESM-02-01-03              AGAWAM TOWN RECORDS, 1775-1781
ESM-02-01-04              AGAWAM TOWN RECORDS, 1782-1783
ESM-02-01-05              AGAWAM TOWN RECORDS, 1783-1790
ESM-02-01-06              AGAWAM TOWN RECORDS, 1791
ESM-02-01-07              AGAWAM TOWN RECORDS, 1792
ESM-02-01-08              AGAWAM TOWN RECORDS, 1793
ESM-02-01-09              AGAWAM TOWN RECORDS, 1794-1795
ESM-02-01-10              AGAWAM TOWN RECORDS, 1804-1832;N.D.
ESM-02-01-11               ARMORY, U.S. AT SPRINGFIELD, 1777-1798
ESM-02-01-12              ARMORY, U.S. AT SPRINGFIELD, 1809-1818
ESM-02-01-13              ARMORY, U.S. AT SPRINGFIELD, 1825-1833
ESM-02-01-14              ARMORY, U.S. AT SPRINGFIELD, 1841-1845; N.D.

BOX 02
ESM-02-02-01              AUTOGRAPHS; ND
ESM-02-02-02              BLANDFORD CHURCH RECORDS; 1749-1759
ESM-02-02-03              BLANDFORD CHURCH RECORDS; 1764-1767;N.D.
ESM-02-02-04              BLANDFORD INDIVIDUALS, 1787-1817
ESM-02-02-05              BLANDFORD TOWN RECORDS, 1730’S-1900’S; CONTAINS
ESM-02-02-06              BOUNDARY DISPUTES, 1710-1720
ESM-02-02-07              BOUNDARY DISPUTES, 1774-1830
ESM-02-02-08              BOUNDARY DISPUTES, N.D.
ESM-02-02-09              BREWER, H&J & CO.; 1790-1860;N.D.
ESM-02-02-10              BRIMFIELD, MISC. RECORDS, 1732-1753
ESM-02-02-11               CHESTER METHODIST CHURCH RECORDS, 1830-1839
ESM-02-02-12              CHESTER METHODIST CHURCH RECORDS, 1840-1849
ESM-02-02-13              CHESTER METHODIST CHURCH RECORDS, 1850-1859
ESM-02-02-14              CHESTER, MISC. RECORDS, 1736-1781
ESM-02-02-15              CHESTER, MISC. RECORDS, 1783-1797
ESM-02-02-16              CHESTER, MISC. RECORDS, 1809-1891; N.D.

BOX 03
ESM-02-03-01              CHICOPEE INDIVIDUALS, MISC., 1740-1836
ESM-02-03-02              CHICOPEE INDIVIDUALS, MISC., 1843-1853
ESM-02-03-03              CHICOPEE TOWN RECORDS, 1742/3-1855, N.D.
ESM-02-03-04              DEERFIELD INDIVIDUALS MISC., 1813-1869
ESM-02-03-05              DEERFIELD TOWN RECORDS, 1740-1897; N.D.
ESM-02-03-06              FEEDING HILLS MISC. DOCS., 1821-1825
ESM-02-03-07              GRANVILLE TOWN DOCS., 1779-1807
ESM-02-03-08              HAMPDEN MECHANIC ASS’N., 1829-1858;N.D.
ESM-02-03-09              INDIAN ORCHARD CANAL CO., 1845-1851
ESM-02-03-10              LONGMEADOW INDIVIDUALS, MISC., 1750-1789
ESM-02-03-11               LONGMEADOW INDIVIDUALS, MISC., 1790-1799
ESM-02-03-12              LONGMEADOW INDIVIDUALS, MISC., 1800-1829
ESM-02-03-13              LONGMEADOW INDIVIDUALS, MISC., 1830-1859
ESM-02-03-14              LONGMEADOW INDIVIDUALS, MISC., 1912;N.D.

BOX 04
ESM-02-04-01              LONGMEADOW MILITIA RECORDS, 1800’S-1820’S
ESM-02-04-02              LONGMEADOW MILITIA RECORDS, 1830’S;N.D
ESM-02-04-03              LONGMEADOW SCHOOL COMMITTEE, 1789-1798
ESM-02-04-04              LONGMEADOW TOWN RECORDS, 1773-1792
ESM-02-04-05              LONGMEADOW TOWN RECORDS, 1793-1794
ESM-02-04-06              LONGMEADOW TOWN RECORDS, 1795
ESM-02-04-07              LONGMEADOW TOWN RECORDS, 1796
ESM-02-04-08              LONGMEADOW TOWN RECORDS, 1797-1799
ESM-02-04-09              LONGMEADOW TOWN RECORDS, 1800’S-1810’S
ESM-02-04-10               LONGMEADOW TOWN RECORDS, 1800’S-1810’S
ESM-02-04-11                LONGMEADOW TOWN RECORDS, 1820’S-1870’S;N.D.
ESM-02-04-12               MONTAGUE, MASS. DEED, 1778

BOX 05
ESM-02-05-00.5           LUDLOW MISC. RECORDS, 1789-1853
ESM-02-05-01               MILITIA RECORDS, 1758-1786
ESM-02-05-01.5           WM. SMITH QUARTERMASTER’S ACCTS., 1777
ESM-02-05-02              MILITIA RECORDS, 1787-1808
ESM-02-05-03              MILITIA RECORDS, 1810-1811
ESM-02-05-04              MILITIA RECORDS, 1812-1813
ESM-02-05-05              MILITIA RECORDS, 1814-1818
ESM-02-05-06              MILITIA RECORDS, 1820-1829
ESM-02-05-07              MILITIA RECORDS, 1830-1863;N.D.
ESM-02-05-08              MONSON MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1789-1843
ESM-02-05-09              MUSIC & POETRY, 1836; N.D.
ESM-02-05-10              OUTSIDE WESTERN MASS. MISC.,1712-1729
ESM-02-05-11               OUTSIDE WESTERN MASS. MISC.,1730-1758
ESM-02-05-12              OUTSIDE WESTERN MASS. MISC.,1761-1789
ESM-02-05-13              OUTSIDE WESTERN MASS. MISC.,1790-1819
ESM-02-05-14              OUTSIDE WESTERN MASS. MISC.,1820-1827
ESM-02-05-15              OUTSIDE WESTERN MASS. MISC.,1830-1849
ESM-02-05-16              OUTSIDE WESTERN MASS. MISC.,1859-1891;N.D.
ESM-02-05-17              PALMER MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1755-1923; N.D.

BOX 06
ESM-02-06-01              PORTERSVILLE MAN. CO., AGAWAM, 1835-1845; N.D.
ESM-02-06-02              EARLY RAILROAD DOCS., 1829-1839
ESM-02-06-03              EARLY RAILROAD DOCS., 1840-1850
ESM-02-06-04              SHAY’S REBELLION, 1787-1802
ESM-02-06-05              SOUTHAMPTON MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1820-1823
ESM-02-06-06              SPRINGFIELD CITY RECORDS, 1709-1737
ESM-02-06-07              SPRINGFIELD CITY RECORDS, 1738-1797
ESM-02-06-08             TREASURER, PROPRIETORS, INWARD COMMON, 1749-1752
ESM-02-06-09              ESTATE OF STEPHEN HITCHCOCK, 1775-1789
ESM-02-06-10              SPRINGFIELD CITY RECORDS, 1811
ESM-02-06-11               SPRINGFIELD CITY RECORDS, 1812-1837; N.D.
ESM-02-06-12              SPRINGFIELD FIRE CLUB, 1794-1837; N.D.
ESM-02-06-13              SPRINGFIELD HOTEL, 1840’S
ESM-02-06-14              SPRINGFIELD LAND SURVEYS & MAPS, 1742-1862; N.D.

BOX 07
ESM-02-07-01              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1705-1729
ESM-02-07-02              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1730-1738
ESM-02-07-03              UNIDENTIFIED LEDGER, 1737-1738
ESM-02-07-04              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1740-1748
ESM-02-07-05              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1751-1759
ESM-02-07-06              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1761-1769
ESM-02-07-07              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1770-1779
ESM-02-07-08              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1781-1789
ESM-02-07-09              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1790-1799
ESM-02-07-10              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1800-1810
ESM-02-07-11               SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1811-1819
ESM-02-07-12              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1820-1825
ESM-02-07-13              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1826-1829
ESM-02-07-14              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1830-1834
ESM-02-07-15              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1835-1839
ESM-02-07-16              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1840-1845
ESM-02-07-17              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1846-1849
ESM-02-07-18              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCUMENTS, N.D.

BOX 08
ESM-02-08-01              SPRINGFIELD SCHOOL RETURNS, N.D.
ESM-02-08-02              SUFFIELD MISC. DOCS., 1730’S
ESM-02-08-03              SUNDAY MINUTES OF ROAD SURVEYS, 1824, N.D.
ESM-02-08-04              TEMPERANCE ASS’N. OF SPRINGFIELD, 1831-1836; N.D.
ESM-02-08-05              TURNPIKES, 1832, N.D.
ESM-02-08-06              UNIDENTIFIED MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1717-1815
ESM-02-08-07              UNIDENTIFIED MISC. DOCUMENTS, 1821-1894
ESM-02-08-08              UNIDENTIFIED MISC. DOCUMENTS, N.D.
ESM-02-08-09              UNION COTTON MANUFACTURING CO., 1812-1819
ESM-02-08-10              UNION COTTON MANUFACTURING CO., 1820-1821, N.D.

BOX 09
ESM-02-09-01              WEST SPRINGFIELD INDIVIDUALS, MISC., 1705-1783
ESM-02-09-02              WEST SPRINGFIELD INDIVIDUALS, MISC., 1784-1799
ESM-02-09-03              WEST SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCS., 1800-1819
ESM-02-09-04              WEST SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCS., 1820-1826
ESM-02-09-05              WEST SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCS., 1827-1848
ESM-02-09-06              WEST SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCS., N.D.
ESM-02-09-07              WESTERN MASS. MISC. DOCS., 1703-1739
ESM-02-09-08              WESTERN MASS. MISC. DOCS., 1740-1799
ESM-02-09-09              WESTERN MASS. MISC. DOCS., 1800-1804
ESM-02-09-10              WESTERN MASS. MISC. DOCS., 1805-1820
ESM-02-09-11               WESTERN MASS. MISC. DOCS., 1823-1839
ESM-02-09-12              WESTERN MASS. MISC. DOCS., 1840-1898
ESM-02-09-13              WESTFIELD TOWN RECORDS, 1717-1779
ESM-02-09-14              WESTFIELD TOWN RECORDS, 1781-1828
ESM-02-09-15              WESTFIELD TOWN RECORDS, 1830-1853, N.D.
ESM-02-09-16              WILBRAHAM MISC. DOCS., 1712-1765
ESM-02-09-17              WILBRAHAM MISC. DOCS., 1766-1785
ESM-02-09-18              WILBRAHAM MISC. DOCS., 1786-1809
ESM-02-09-19              WILBRAHAM MISC. DOCS., 1811-1849, N.D.

BOX 01
ESM-03-01-01              U.S. ARMORY AT SPRINGFIELD, 1795-1865
ESM-03-01-02              THOMAS BATES OF SPRINGFIELD, 1824
ESM-03-01-03              BOUNDARY DISPUTES, N.D.
ESM-03-01-04              CHAUNCEY BREWER OF SPRINGFIELD, 1802-1830
ESM-03-01-05              COURT RECORDS, MISC., 1812
ESM-03-01-06              COURT RECORDS, MISC., 1813
ESM-03-01-07              EDWARD INGERSOLL OF SPRINGFIELD, 1844
ESM-03-01-08              EZEKIEL KEITH OF SPRINGFIELD, 1822-1827
ESM-03-01-09              MILITIA RECORDS, 1735-1826
ESM-03-01-10              WESTFIELD MISC. DOCS., 1815
ESM-03-01-11              WEST SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCS., 1795
ESM-03-01-12              SOUTH HADLEY CANAL, N.D.
ESM-03-01-13              PALMER MISC. DOCS., 1780

BOX 02
ESM-03-02-01              D. & J. AMES CO. OF SPRINGFIELD
ESM-03-02-02              DEERFIELD MISC. DOCS., 1709-1782
ESM-03-02-03              ZEBINA DICKINSON OF HATFIELD, 1828-1831
ESM-03-02-04              HOOKER DIPLOMAS, 1814-1817, N.D.
ESM-03-02-06              LONGMEADOW MISC. DOCS., 1706-1803
ESM-03-02-07              OUTSIDE WESTERN MASS. MISC., 1804-1831
ESM-03-02-08              WILBRAHAM MISC. DOCS., 1779-1835
ESM-03-02-09              WESTERN MASS. MISC. DOCS., 1730-1768
ESM-03-02-10              UNIDENTIFIED MISC. DOCS., 17141840
ESM-03-02-11               SUFFIELD MISC. DOCS., 1701-1723
ESM-03-02-12              SPRINGFIELD MISC. DOCS., 1710-1825
ESM-03-02-13              PATENTS, 1829-1832
ESM-03-02-14              PATENTS, 1828-1838
ESM-03-02-15              PATENTS, 1812-1846
ESM-03-02-16              EDWARD PYNCHON, 1812-1817

BOX 03
ESM-03-03-01              MILITIA RECORDS, MUSTER ROLL, COLTON’S CO., 1777
ESM-03-03-02              OUTSIDE WESTERN MASS. MISC., 1715-1779
ESM-03-03-04              JOHN WORTHINGTON OF SPRINGFIELD, 1762
ESM-03-03-05              WILBRAHAM POSTERS

BOX 01
ESM-04-01-01              EARLY PYNCHON FAMILY MANUSCRIPT, 1599
ESM-04-01-05              WM. ELLIOTT, THOMAS ELLIOT, WM. PYNCHON, 1620
ESM-04-01-06              THOMAS GODDARD & WM. DASHWOOD, 1646
ESM-04-01-10              EARLY MANUSCRIPT, UNKNOWN

BOX 02
ESM-04-02-02              EARLY MANUSCRIPTS, PYNCHON, 1653
ESM-04-02-03              EARLY DEED, ANDREW KING & WM PYNCHON-, 5 DEC. 1653
ESM-04-02-04              JOHN PYNCHON & WM. BULSTRODE, DANIEL BRIDGE, 1662
ESM-04-02-06              DEED, MATTHEW HARVEY & HENRY BEAUMONT, 1678
ESM-04-02-07              EARLY DEED, GEORGE NORTON, 1681
ESM-04-02-08              JOHN PYNCHON & JOHN PYNCHON THE YOUNGER, 1686
ESM-04-02-09              EARLY MANUSCRIPT, THOS. JONES & ROBERT SMITH, 1714
ESM-04-02-10              EARLY INDIAN DEED, JOHN PYNCHON, 1672

BOX 03
ESM-04-03-01              HENRY AND SAMUEL CHAPIN, 1663-1666
ESM-04-03-02              JAPHET CHAPIN, 1669-1672
ESM-04-03-03              JOHN PYNCHON CORRESPONDENCE, 1662-1677
ESM-04-0304               JOHN PYNCHON DEEDS, 1664-1677
ESM-04-03-05              JOHN PYNCHON DEEDS, 1678-1699
ESM-04-03-06              JOSEPH PYNCON DEEDS, 1678-1680
ESM-04-03-07              JOHN PYNCON, BILLS & RECEIPTS, 1680-1693
ESM-04-03-08             PYNCHON MISC. DOCS., 1662-1694

BOX 04
ESM-04-04-01              MISC. BILLS & RECEIPTS, 1662-1680
ESM-04-04-02              MISC. DEEDS, 1649-1696
ESM-04-04-03              MISC. DOCS., 1638-1695
ESM-04-04-04              MISC. DOCUMENT COPIES, 1653-1695
ESM-04-04-05              SPRINGFIELD TOWN RECORDS, MISC., 1667-1699
ESM-04-04-06              MISC. COURT RECORDS OF EXECUTION, 1678
ESM-04-04-07              SPRINGFIELD ACCOUNT BOOK
ESM-04-04-08              PYNCHON(?) NOTES ON SERMON

BOX 01
ESM-05-01-01              MAJ. JOHN PYNCHON ACCT BOOK VOL 01,1651-1655

BOX 02
ESM-05-02-01              MAJ. JOHN PYNCHON ACCT BOOK VOL 02, 1657-1666
ESM-05-02-02              FRAGMENTS FROM ESM-05.02-01

BOX 03
ESM-05-03-01              MAJ. JOHN PYNCHON ACCT BOOK VOL. 03, 1664-1667
ESM-05-03-02              MAJ. JOHN PYNCHON ACCT BOOK VOL 04, 1666-1697

BOX 04
ESM-05-04-01              MAJ. JOHN PYNCHON ACCT BOOK VOL 05 PART 01, 1672-1693
ESM-06-04-02              MAJ. JOHN PYNCHON ACCT BOOK VOL 05 PART 02, 1672-1693

BOX 05
ESM-05-05-01              JOHN PYNCHON JR. ACCT BOOK, 1669-1675
ESM-05-05-02              INDEX, MAJ. JOHN PYNCHON ACCT BOOK VOL 6, 1683-1694
ESM-05-05-03              MAJ. JOHN PYNCHON ACCT BOOK VOL 06, 1683-1694
ESM-05-05-04              INDEX, MAJ. JOHN PYNCHON ACCT BOOK VOL 5, 1670-1672

BOX 06
ESM-05-06-01              JOHN PYNCHON COURT RECORD BOOK, 1663-1677
ESM-05-06-02              JOHN PYNCHON SERMON NOTES, 1639
ESM-05-06-03              JOHN PYNCHON MTG. NOTES – TOWN PROPRIETORS, 1685

BOX 07
ESM-05-07-01              EDWARD PYNCHON, 1768-1804
ESM-05-07-02              EDWARD PYNCHON, 1808-1829; N.D.
ESM-05-07-03              PYNCHON FAMILY OF SPRINGFIELD, 1710-1767
ESM-05-07-04              PYNCHON FAMILY OF SPRINGFIELD, 1769-1896; N.D.
ESM-05-07-05              JOHN PYNCHON OF SPRINGFIELD, 1705-1729
ESM-O5-07-08              CHARLES PYNCHON TO WM. JEPSON, 1756
ESM-05-07-09              WALTER PYNCHON, 1778
ESM-05-07-10              JOHN PYNCHON III, 1710
ESM-05-07-11              EDWARD PYNCHON, 1779

BOX 01
ESM-06-01-02              WM. PYNCHON, “COVENANT OF NATURE” LONDON, 1660

BOX 02

BOX 01
ESM-07-01-01              BATHSHUA PYNCHON, POPULAR SONGS & DANCES, 1797-1805


1 Response to Early Springfield Manuscripts

  1. Thank you for helping preserve our history. I am but one in a long line of Coltons related to Quarter Master George Colton.

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